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Threat Detection and Response Techniques

In 2005 three suicide bombers detonated body-borne improvised explosive devices (IED’s) in a busy tourist area of Bali, Indonesia killing 20 people. Just three years prior, a mix of both vehicle-borne and body-borne IED’s killed 202 people in the same resort.  These horrific attacks were the result of carefully planned operations linked to radical Islamic terrorism.

Asking Questions

What as security professionals could we have done to protect a client in similar situations? If faced with a similar situation in the future would we be able to identify the threat early enough to react? Is it just a case of accepting that it is a situation of ‘wrong place, wrong time’ and would, therefore, be out of our control?

There are no guarantees within the special event security industry, let alone dealing with extremism. It is the author’s strong belief that behavioral and appearance analysis might make a difference in such situations. Detailed and focused observations of suspect individuals and their behaviors may lead to identifying life-threatening situations early enough to provide that all important, time to react.

Suicide Terrorism

A suicide terrorist may experience strong emotions prior to carrying out an attack, which in turn can be manifested through body language and physiological responses. Certain behaviors and tell-tale actions may be exhibited and these emotions, behaviors, and actions could be used to help identify potential suicide terrorists.

Security organizations throughout the world use behavioral analysis and screening at checkpoints, airports, and rail stations to help identify threats. Individual systems differ in methodology, but all aim to observe behavior and appearance to help their employees identify potential threats.

Fear Factor

High levels of stress or fear are sudden, intense and normally of short duration. The effects of this can be positive and negative, producing an immediate physical reaction and performance-enhancing benefit but also a negative reaction with typical problems including tunnel vision, failure to prioritize, freezing and loss of concentration.

In high stress/high anxiety situations, the biochemical changes that occur can have a significant negative impact on an individuals ability to assess their environment and make effective decisions.  Experiments have shown that when stress and anxiety are increased there is a marked decrease in both the speed and accuracy of problem-solving tasks. 

Controlling Emotions

Training has been proven to play a pivotal role in managing stressful situations, SLA Marshall wrote in his book: Men Against Fire, that only 15 – 20 % of soldiers in WWII combat situations fired their weapons at the enemy. Military training in the aftermath thus focused considerably on improving this. They rehearsed and trained, simulating combat situations and focused on this to a greater extent. The Korean War firing rates had risen to 50% and in Vietnam, it had climbed to 90%.  His research, though questionable based part of this on poor management of fear and stress due to lack of correct training.

The stress and anxiety in such situations certainly contributed to these figures, most likely causing soldiers to freeze, not think properly and become confused. In the American Civil War after the Battle of Gettysburg according to research, some 90% of the muskets recovered from the battlefield were found to be loaded, further, an inspection found that nearly 50% were loaded more than twice and even up to ten times and not fired.

Fail to Prepare…

Why is this important? Because if terrorists have not had a high level of training there is a good chance they could be affected by acute stress in a negative way. Therefore thought processes and problem-solving abilities may be affected, behavioral signs may become more obvious. The general consensus is with more experience and better training people cope with stress and anxiety better, but quality training is usually quite limited in terrorist organizations and therefore they will be more vulnerable to the negative effects of acute stress.

A recent example of stress affecting an Islamic suicide terrorist is that of the UK 7/7 bomber, Hussain in London, U.K.  They were seen laughing and joking prior to the split but on his own when his rucksack failed to detonate on the underground train, it was then he went to ground level, wandered around for nearly an hour, got a new battery for detonation and for some reason decided to board a bus.

An eyewitness saw Hussain on board the number 91 bus at King’s Cross and noticed his bad manners in blocking fellow passengers with his rucksack. She was giving evidence at an inquest into the bus bomb at Tavistock Square. Mrs. Dybek-Echtermeyer said she noticed Hussain as he stood at the front of the bus after boarding. “He looked very exhausted and he had a sweat going onto his chin that looked very horrible,” she said. “He had dry white lips, he looked nervous and exhausted”. The 18-year-old angered those around him as he traveled on a No91 bus along London’s Euston Road. Another eyewitness told the hearing “A woman in her 20s tapped him on the shoulder and politely asked him to be careful because he was hitting an elderly woman and perhaps others.” The witness added: “He simply did not react. I thought he was a lost and anxious tourist. He was behaving very oddly. This evidence suggests that Hussain was reacting adversely to stress and anxiety.

Richard Reid the ‘shoe bomber’ was actually refused entry onto a flight due to his appearance and abnormal behavior. He managed to get on another flight the next day. The ‘underwear bomber’ Abdul Mutallab by all accounts showed high levels of stress and anxiety at airport checkpoints yet no one challenged him.

Identifying Factors

What are the identifying factors of stress?

  • Exaggerated yawning
  • Whistling
  • Facial flushing
  • Repetitive touching of the face
  • Rubbing or wringing of the hands
  • Widely open staring eyes
  • Excessive fidgeting
  • Clock watching
  • Shuffling feet
  • Leg shaking

What are the identifying factors of fear?

  • Trembling/shaking
  • Excessive sweating inconsistent with the environment
  • Rigid posture, arms close together
  • Exaggerated, repetitive grooming gestures
  • Exaggerated emotions or behaviors inappropriate to a location such as laughter or chatter
  • Hesitation/indecision
  • Scanning
  • Tunnel vision

There are other factors that may also be taken into account, acts that are undertaken as part of a deception. Suicide terrorists may use methods to conceal their intent.

What are the identifying factors of deception?

  • Maintaining covert ties with others (keeping eye contact with others, hand gestures etc.)
  • Appears to be confused or disoriented
  • Does not respond to authoritative commands

Observations

Detailed and in-depth observations of suspect individuals and their behaviors could be of real benefit to the security professional. The majority of well-trained people reading this article will no doubt do some or most of these consciously and sub-consciously already. There are never definitive answers in situations like these and the world of the suicide terrorist is far from clear and concise.  It is doubtful that a suicide terrorist will manifest all of these characteristics at once if at all and any factors that are noted must be put into context. For example, a person sweating, with repetitive grooming gestures and scanning the room nervously may just be looking for his first blind date.

Other indicators could also be taken into account.

  • Powerful grip of a bag or hand inside a bag
  • Emotionless face
  • Hands in pockets or closed hands for prolonged periods of time
  • Rigid midsection
  • Inappropriate clothing or luggage/rucksack
  • Walking or pacing with deliberation
  • Repeatedly patting upper body
  • Talking to oneself/mumbling or in a trance-like state
  • Not responding to authoritative commands

What-if Scenario

A protection detail could have been dining in Bali, Indonesia in 2005 protecting a client, would they have spotted the behavioral factors? Would the suicide terrorists have even been showing any external factors? Would the protection detail have had time to react even if they had spotted the threat early? These are all hypothetical questions that we will never know the answer to a Content website.

What we do know however is, that it is vital to see and not just look, attention to detail, powers of observation and preempting danger are vital in our roles as protectors. If suicide bomber indicative behaviors are noted early then further interest can be paid to the potential threat, preemptive measures can be taken. It is by no means an exact science but security professionals must constantly add skills to their protective arsenal, using everything in their means to offer the best level of protection to the client.

Basic Route Planning for Driving Instructors

This is an essential element of driving lesson preparation. It requires a thorough knowledge of local geography and traffic conditions. When planning routes you must take into consideration any specific driving skill or procedure, which is still to be practiced. Any unsympathetic route can have disastrous consequences when learner drivers are unnecessarily exposed to conditions with which they are unable to cope. In extreme cases, and with particularly nervous learner drivers, it may even make them give up the idea of learning to drive at all.

A fairly wide selection of planned routes containing various types of traffic hazards and conditions will be required. Flexibility is an important consideration when planning a route because it allows for changes to be made midway through a driving lesson. This may become necessary to allow more time to be spent on an area of driving which may be proving unexpectedly troublesome, and yet still allow the driving lesson to be completed on time for your next appointment or driving test.

Try not to repeat the same route excessively, this can lead to reduced interest from the learner driver, and this can lead to boredom and slow progress. Repetition can be useful when it is carried out deliberately for a specific purpose relevant to the driving lesson. An example could be practicing control skills on the approach to uphill junctions.

Lessons

Training Routes and Areas Fall into Three Main Categories:

  • Nursery routes
  • Intermediate
  • Advanced

Nursery Routes – require various kinds of roads. try to avoid busy roads and initially, in the very early stages, roads with parked vehicles. These routes should not include pedestrian crossings, traffic lights or roundabouts.

Intermediate Routes – These routes should, wherever possible, be planned to avoid dual carriageways, multi-laned roads, and one-way streets. Junctions which do not conform to basic rules should also be excluded. Right turns on to very busy main roads, and any other particularly difficult situation, should not normally be incorporated into these routes where they can be avoided.

Advanced Routes – These routes will incorporate most of the intermediate routes. They should be progressively extended to include many variations to the basic rules as possible.

childrens clothes sale

Personalized Childrens clothes sale

Buying childrens clothes sale is no easy task. Kids sizing is somewhat ambiguous. All manufacturers seem to make customized childrens clothes sale. That means no two sizes are alike. In fact childrens clothes sale is a lot like women’s clothing. A 2T in one branded childrens clothes sale wear may be the same as a 3T in another’s.

So if you buy your 2-year old toddler a 2T t-shirt in one brand it may or may not fit. You just can’t count on sizing unless you try it on or you know your baby’s exact height and weight and can compare.

As kids get a little bigger it’s a lot easier to shop – and to take advantage of promotional childrens clothes sale. Sales items are the latest and greatest thing when kids get older and the sizing starts to make more sense.

childrens clothes sale
childrens clothes sale

Childrens clothes sale – The Elementary Years

Kids start to take an active interest in what they wear around the time they start elementary school. Don’t worry; you don’t have to rush out and buy branded childrens clothes sale yet. You can still get away with discounted wear. However, you can also still enjoy a few pieces of personalized childrens clothes sale too. Do you sew? Your child will still enjoy a home knit sweater, at least during the early elementary years.

As your child enters middle school he or she will start expressing their likes and dislikes even more. Long gone are the days when pastel colors or bold primary colors were all you had to worry about when shopping.

NOW is the time when your child may start shunning promotional childrens clothes sale in favor of a few major brand names. What do you do if you find buying childrens clothes sale is breaking the bank?

Making Childrens clothes sale Affordable

Kids grow out of their clothing just as fast as they grow into their clothing. To help you pay for the cost of clothes, it often helps to buy second-hand. Many consignment shops sell promotional childrens clothes for half the cost of new clothes at brand name department stores.

The best part? Many consignment shops or second-hand shops sell practically new childrens clothes sale for a fraction of the cost of traditional retail outlets. You can even find a few gems – never before worn pieces of designer kids wear – if you search through the racks of clothing carefully.

If you don’t want to spend hours doing this, have your child help you. Tell them if they really want to look cool then they have to do what it takes to find affordable kids wear. Most kids are more than willing to shop for kids clothes sale with you as they grow older, because they will want to veto certain items you select while eagerly accepting others.

You can also put your child on an allowance so they learn how to “earn” certain specialty items like that expensive pair of sneakers or customized jeans they want to wear. Never buy expensive childrens clothes for just a season unless you have good reason because most kids will grow out of it before you blink an eye, unless you have a child that will grow into it the following season.

Kids organic clothing

Top Reasons To Buy Kids organic clothing

As a parent you want to give your infant the very best that you can buy. It is important that you choose products that are safe for your child. While some make think that kids organic clothing are just a fad, the fact is that they are gentle on your baby’s skin. Clothes made with organic fiber are not exposed to pesticides, fertilizers and other chemicals, unlike other fabric and fiber is. This makes baby organic clothes safer and more comfortable for your little one.

Kids organic clothing

Benefits of Kids organic clothing

Far too often paediatricians find parents coming to them with babies with skin irritations. This is often a result of wearing clothes and fabric that is harsh on the soft and sensitive baby skin. It is wise to choose organic cotton baby clothes for your infant. Even if you are looking for baby clothing to present to a newborn, it is best to opt for kids organic clothing.

An alarming number of infants suffer from respiratory problems. These may be related to the constant exposure to pesticides and chemicals on the infant clothes. When cotton and other natural fiber are grown, large amounts of pesticides and fertilizers are used. Thereafter, at every stage of processing the fiber is exposed to harsh chemicals such as formaldehyde and ammonia.

In case of organic cotton, farmers do not use pesticides and chemicals and the fiber is processed without being exposed to harsh chemicals. This makes organic cotton safe for your baby and you. By buying organic clothing you also support a healthier way of producing fabrics and clothes. This is great for the environment, and for all the people involved in creating the fiber and the clothes.

Buying kids organic clothing on a budget

Organic clothing can be expensive because it requires more effort to produce. The benefits of buying organic cotton baby clothes outweigh the extra cost of the attire. By investing in such clothes, you can bring down the medical bills that may have been caused by wearing clothing full of chemicals and toxins. Also, you will enjoy the satisfaction of knowing that you have reduced the amount of toxins that your baby will encounter in his or her surroundings.

You can shop for such attire on your budget by shopping smartly. If you are shopping for discount kids organic clothing, you may like to conduct a quick online search. You will find many online stores that offer affordable organic clothing kids. You should also stay on the lookout for an kids organic clothing sale. This will let you buy the baby clothing that you want without overspending.

Some stores also offer end-of-the season sale, and you could buy the clothes that you like at a lower price. Choosing to clothe your child in baby organic clothes does not mean that you need to rake up a large bill. You may also find an kids organic clothing wholesale seller who may offer clothing at a great discount. After buying organic wear for your baby, you should also consider opting for organic linen and clothes for the rest of the family.

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Homeopathy for Adrenal Fatigue, Hypothyroidism and Chronic Stress Factors

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Without continuous thyroid hormone supplements, Helen was practically paralyzed & unable to speak.  With meds, she still felt far from good: very chilly, tired & suffered from ‘mind fog’.  She had a poor appetite. She was not ovulating & her cycle was overly long, with scanty bleeding. At 30 she had the cycles of a woman entering menopause.

Because of the side effects from the thyroid replacement hormones she had been prescribed, Helen was buying expensive natural desiccated thyroxin (NDT) from abroad. Although she has a family history of autoimmune hypothyroidism (Grandmother, mother & sister) & had been diagnosed with it, she suspected that she suffered from hormone disruption due to adrenal fatigue.

Within a month of starting homeopathic treatment, Helen was seeing clear improvements. She had to reduce her NDT dose.  She was beginning to experience symptoms of the high thyroid with the supplement!  She began to feel a greater energy, more clarity & an improvement in her motivation & appetite.  She began to have ‘real’ periods & to ovulate!

In the process of treatment, Helen’s childhood asthma returned. I’d told her this would likely happen, looking at her medical history, and that it would be temporary. Her body would begin to work through old, suppressed conditions on its way to recovery. He had Ventolin to hand. (*Ventolin is not a suppressive medication but should be used only if really necessary.  There is some evidence that continued use causes small lacerations within the lung tissue and can lead to more attacks as a result.)

He is very well, able to work & her mood is greatly improved. Him hormonal balance is good and she is less inclined to overwork then crash and burn!

Now we work together periodically to keep her immune system strong and to avoid the stress issues, antibiotics and steroid medicines that likely triggered her predisposition to thyroid disease.

Dress Up Right For Your Wedding

Every bride wants to look absolutely dazzling for her wedding. Every woman grows up with her wedding dream and wants her special day to be the best day of her life. One of the most important aspects when it comes to weddings is the wedding outfit. Every woman looks ethereal on her big day because it has a number of emotions attached to it and therefore becomes really close to the heart. In such a case scenario, finding the right Dresses for Wedding becomes absolutely imperative. The properly fitted dress can work wonders and give you your own spotlight on your wedding day. To look elegant one can definitely choose lace Dresses for Wedding. There are four types of such dresses and they are mentioned as follows.

Dresses for Wedding

Lace appliques

It is an amazing way of incorporating lace into your wedding wear. The mesh is elegantly sewn on the base fabric and it looks like a tulle or netting. This could be used all across the wedding garment, or can be concentrated in certain areas of the dress, to bring attention to that part. For example, if you have a waist to die for or an elongated neck makes sure that the lace lies there so that it draws attention to your assets.

Long lace sleeves

These look absolutely gorgeous, as is ideal for those brides who do not like the look of their arm. For example, if your arms are too thin or for that matter a little too fat, you can definitely go ahead with this option and it will look like a dream. Plus, this kind of a dress imparts a very classy look to the bride and ensures that all eyes are on her when she walks down the aisle.

Lace overlays

These are quite traditional and look good on all brides. While most of the mesh is sewn on to the garment, the other parts are removable, so you can take your pick and decide on what to keep and what to leave, thus customizing your wedding outfit with ease. The lace details are really intricate and provide with a very nice texture to your outfit. Being the bride, it is really important that the detailing on your Wedding Guest Dresses is better than every other girl in the room.

Dresses for Wedding

Mesh necklines

Here the lace is mostly concentrated near the neck area and can be ideal for those brides who take pride in their beautiful elongated and slender neck. Lace wedding dresses need to be cleaned very nicely. It can get stained quite easily which is why care must be taken while washing it. It is best if the dress is properly dry cleaned, this way it will retain its original colour and look pristine. Keep the dress covered, even when it is in your wardrobe to avoid accidental spills on it. On the other hand, just click this link https://www.dress212.com/ if you are looking for wedding dress shops in New Jersey.

Los Angeles SEO

LOS ANGELES SEO – FACTORS THAT DETERMINE THE TIME TAKEN FOR SEO TO GIVE RESULTS

One of the most common questions asked by new clients is: How long will it take for me to get some results with SEO?

It may be difficult for any Los Angeles SEO Company to give the exact time frame as the success of SEO campaign depends on several factors. Right from the start of SEO campaign, you will have to consider all the external factors that may affect your results. Let’s have a look at the major factors that determine the time taken for SEO to give you results:

Los Angeles SEO

Your Competition

The more competitive your market would be, the longer it will take to achieve the desired results. If you are new to the business and enter the market with a fresh website with a few links, it means that you will be competing with a lot of other competitors who have been doing SEO since a long time. Players who have been into the industry since a few years would have optimized their websites and would have thousands of links. In order to beat the competition, you will have to work hard and SEO takes time.

If you want to spread the wings across in a short span of time, you can focus on optimizing your website for long tail keywords so that you can get a small amount of traffic, but a higher rate of conversion. You should look for an experienced Los Angeles SEO Company to help you choose the right keywords.

Your Website

One of the most important factors that determine the time taken by SEO is the website. Some website owners forget the importance of organic search. It is essential to have an eye catchy website with relevant content. The fact is that having high quality links is important for any website. A good and experienced SEO company in Los Angeles can audit your website and help you get an amazing website that generates results.

Your Expectations

As every business is unique, so are the expectations. Some businesses may need targeted traffic to their website, while some others would just need to generate revenue with SEO. Before you start any SEO campaign, you should determine your expectations. Set your ultimate SEO goals in order to succeed. You cannot expect magic in a few days, and so, you should try to aim at short term goals when your SEO campaign begins.

Your Budget

Do not get carried away by someone who claims to help you get the first page rankings on search engines in a month. That could be a scam. Determine your budget and look for reliable SEO agency in Los Angeles. Spending too much money on SEO and other digital marketing services will not do any magic. So, it would be foolish to spend a fortune on SEO.

Remember that there are no shortcuts to SEO. Instead of focusing on the sky, focus on low hanging fruits so that you can get results. Slow and steady wins the race, when it comes to SEO.

Web Cures is a Leading SEO Company that focuses on helping clients get the maximum revenues from the money they spend for SEO activities.

Source: https://www.webcures.net/factors-determine-time-taken-seo-give-results/

babies pyjamas

Using 7 babies pyjamas Strategies Like The Pros

If you are an outdoor freeze weather friend, make sure you take along a duo of Baby Cotton pyjamas before you commence your ensuing adventure. These babies pyjamas are perfect for camping and will keep you so warm hearted and also comfortable. They are available in a collection of colors incorporating black, turquoise, pink, sage olive as well as cloudy. They come in numerous variations incorporating hearts, stripes, kittens and also plaids. Fabrics take account of cotton, skin cashmere, flannel and fleece.

Cotton babies pyjamas are excellent for putting on around the home whenever you are enjoying a program on TV or perusing a good report. There will probably be no requirement to hide yourself with burdensome blankets because these pyjamas will do the ploy of keeping you temperate. If you’re trying to save up energy, you would be in a position to make the thermostat lower when you dress in a duo of these cozily babies pyjamas.

babies pyjamas

Baby pyjamas make an ideal presentation. Camouflage nightdress is an original gift for the camper, huntsman, fisherman, or even just repairman in your life. Burgundy or olive pyjamas are amusing to put on for the duration of the vacations; if your husband or an acquaintance or relative require a favorite dog or other animal that they like, you will discover baby boys pyjamas with dogs, kitties as well as most other critters on them, and in many cases some in leopard stripes. The several of these babies pyjamas in point of fact come having a drop seat! These pyjamas includes many sizing’s and largely come with an additional lengthy fastener made from nylon so that no freezing metal would touch the skin and present you with a chill. The feet possess a sticky bottom to keep you from sliding and they’re machine washable.

Lots of individuals want to have on Baby Cotton pyjamas as being a costume. The leopard lines along with cougar print babies pyjamas are usually worn as a dressing up with no extras. Many people prefer to add wings or hats or tails or a variety of additional trimmings to finish the appearance. For example, a simple ruby pair of babies pyjamas may be changed into a superhero by means of adding together a mantle or a chilli pepper by adding up a sea green stem sun-hat. There are so many different prospects from which to pick and you’ll have a great time coming up with unique and novel ideas. The ft. section might be taken off if you plan to go outside and want to add a pair of shoes. If you’re putting on one of these as a costume, there would be no need to wear a coat; the babies pyjamas will keep you exceptionally balmy.

These Cotton baby pyjamas have become popular and on the web merchants are popping up that offer a terrific variety of variations. Handful even offer without charge shipping. It does not matter if you’re donning a duo of these pyjamas around the house, to sleep in, or as a dressing up, there is no doubt that you just will be stay warm and cozy!

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Adrenal Hyperplasia or AFS?

Adrenal hyperplasia and adrenal fatigue syndrome, or AFS, share a number of symptoms, and they can be confused for each other without good assessment. It’s important for you to know the similarities and differences in order to inform your healthcare professional and so you can help yourself deal with symptoms.

This article will deal with non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia, or NCAH, and its relationship to AFS.

What Is NCAH (Non-Classic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia)?

This form of adrenal hyperplasia is a fairly common autosomal recessive condition. It results from a 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Androgen excess is the most frequent clinical feature, instead of adrenal insufficiency with the classic form of the disorder. Females have this condition more frequently than males.

Clinical and research findings show this condition occurs in between 0.6% to 9% of women with excess androgen. Higher prevalence has been seen in some populations, including those of Ashkenazi Jewish, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Indian heritage.

This condition is a milder form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia and has a later onset of symptoms. With this mild form, some people exhibit few, if any, symptoms. Many show an excess of the male hormone androgen. NCAH is caused by mutations in the CYP21A2 gene and is recessive.

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Generally speaking, NCAH is one of the three forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The other two types are known as simple virilizing adrenal hyperplasia and salt wasting adrenal hyperplasia.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) affects the adrenal glands which produce several hormones, including corticosteroids, mineralocorticoids, and androgens. The first two of these hormones affect the body’s illness or injury response and the body’s salt and water levels, respectively. Androgens are the male hormones.

Enzyme deficiencies affect the adrenals’ ability to produce these hormones. A deficiency in the enzyme required for one of these hormones will result in an overproduction of the others.

A lack of 21-hydroxylase is the most common cause of CAH. Not having this enzyme prevents you from making cortisol and aldosterone, for salt-losing adrenal hyperplasia, and causes you to produce excess androgen. The excess of this male hormone will typically bring symptoms of abnormal sexual development.

CAH is the more severe form of this condition and is most often found early in life. If left unaddressed, adrenal crisis and even death may occur. There is no cure for CAH, but with appropriate care, sufferers can live a full life.

In the salt-wasting form of CAH, the body has trouble maintaining an appropriate level of salt in the blood. There is also a lack of cortisol and aldosterone produced by the adrenal glands. This form of CAH can result in shock, coma, or death if it isn’t found and remediated.

In the non-salt-wasting form of CAH, the shortage of the enzyme is not as severe. This shortage leads to sufficient levels of aldosterone, but insufficient cortisol production.

Those with CAH are much more likely to have adrenal fatigue than the general population. A person with CAH who comes under significant stress could easily progress much more quickly to the later stages of AFS due to natural low cortisol production.

AFS and the NeuroEndoMetabolic (NEM) Model

Any time the body comes under stress no matter the source, the response is the same. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is activated, resulting in the adrenal glands secreting cortisol, the stress-fighting hormone. If the stress continues, as it does so often in our stress-filled culture, ultimately adrenal fatigue will set in. This means the adrenals no longer can produce enough cortisol, and symptoms of AFS begin. Continuing stress leads to more and more symptoms. In the later stages of this condition, the person suffering from it may become bedridden.

The NEM model and Adrenal hyperplasia

Conventional physicians are not adequately trained to assess or remediate AFS. Their approach is to deal with individual symptoms or organs and suppress the symptoms to attempt relief. However, this is not adequate for AFS. Natural medicine practitioners who are trained in the NeuroEndoMetabolic (NEM) model of stress response will be enabled to assess how a person’s six major organ systems interact in the face of continuing stress. This interaction allows them to get to the root causes of the symptoms of AFS, and then put together a remediation plan that will not just control symptoms, but address these root causes.

Signs and Symptoms of Adrenal Hyperplasia

The two forms of adrenal hyperplasia, congenital and non-classical congenital, have both common and different signs and symptoms.

To begin, there are those who show no signs or symptoms of NCAH.

With NCAH, the symptoms typically are related to excess androgen.

Children who are assessed with this condition often will exhibit early signs of puberty such as growing pubic hair, underarm hair, and body odor. These signs may occur as early as 8 or 9 years of age.

Other signs of NCAH in children include greater height, faster growth, and faster maturation of skeletal bones. In girls, there may be an enlarged clitoris, while boys may show an enlarged penis. The increased maturation of the skeleton may lead to early epiphyseal fusion, resulting in shorter adult height.

Females are more often assessed with this condition in adolescence and adulthood. Much of this is due to the abundance of adrenergic symptoms. Typical symptoms include hirsutism, acne, hair loss, loss of ovulation, and menstrual dysfunction. One large study showed the most common symptoms to be hirsutism, followed by light or infrequent menstrual periods, and acne.

Adrenal hyperplasia and menstration

Another study that investigated women with NCAH showed the most common presenting symptoms to be hirsutism, difficulty with menstruation, and reduced fertility.

As mentioned before, not all people with NCAH exhibit symptoms. A large genetic study of 330 family members showed a distribution of symptomatic versus non-symptomatic individuals. Of these subjects, nine were seen to have symptoms, and 42 individuals were asymptomatic but were affected by NCAH. The largest number, 242, were heterozygotic carriers. Out of the entire subject cohort, 37 were not affected by NCAH.

In that same study, the majority of males were not symptomatic. Most of the time, they were assessed only after a female in the family was determined to have NCAH.

The most frequent presenting symptom in women was lack of menstruation, either primary or secondary. Also seen frequently in women were chronic lack of ovulation and infertility. A similarity with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was also evident. Approximately half of women with NCAH will show physical changes in line with PCOS.

Fertility can be an issue in women with NCAH. The issue is not necessarily infertility, but subfertility. This comes due to the problems with ovulation often seen in adrenal hyperplasia.

Classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia in women appears to bring on increased levels of progesterone that interfere with the menstrual cycle and fertility. Elevated levels of progesterone may also be seen in women with NCAH. This leads to decreased quality of mucus in the cervix that can interfere with penetration by sperm and thus can cause infertility. In the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, increased 17-OHP (a steroid hormone related to progesterone) or P4 (another steroid hormone related to progesterone) can lead to difficulties in the maturation of the endometrium and to difficulty with implantation of the embryo.

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Relaxing Breathing Could Be Your Answer to Sleep Disturbances

When you sleep, your body has autonomic functions that keep your organs going, your blood flowing, your rhythms maintained and keep your breathing regulated and active. However, some of these body functions are not just autonomic. You can also control them. Breathing is one such example. For instance, when you are awake you can control your breathing. As an example, you can stop your breathing for 20 seconds at will or you can take a deep breath or exhale whenever you like. However, most of the time we pay little attention to our breathing and that is why it is autonomic, as well as voluntary. Now look at your heart, you can’t tell your heart to stop at will, or pump faster by just thinking it, this is because it is fully autonomic. So, it is safe to say that relaxing breathing is essential but it is also a great tool for relaxing because it is one organ you can actually “train.”

How do breathing and autonomic systems all support successful sleep? Relaxing sleep breathing has two main functions: relaxation and the functional part that keeps you alive by sucking in air and exhaling automatically. Both of these functions have to be in unison. If one of these functions is not working you may have sleep apnea, frequent waking, crazy dreams or even choking episodes. So, you see both of these breathing functions are vital for successful sleep. Learning how to breathe better can be relaxing, as well as, a great bridge to the autonomic nervous system. Overall it can promote better sleep conditions and help you to achieve optimal health.

There are many ways that deep breathing, relaxing breathing, and forms of meditation can actually help promote a better night’s sleep. Some people practice mindful breathing. Mindful breathing can reduce stress, aid in anxiety disorders and digestive disorders. It is also very calming and can be energizing. Yoga can also teach valid breathing techniques that aid in relaxation and can promote sleep. However, what we really are talking about is breathing for relaxation. This type of breathing involves learning how to breathe abdominally or diaphragmatic breathing. Newborn babies and even sleeping adults display this type of breathing. Relaxing breathing is where you inhale air into your lungs and exhale as your diaphragm contracts. This type of breathing isn’t forced and is evenly consistent in cycles. It’s a way to regulate your breathing and promote relaxation.

In order to achieve this breathing on your own, you have to be aware of your breathing patterns and shift them more to abdominal breathing. In doing so, you will reduce anxiety, muscle tension and actually become more relaxed. In order for this to become a successful habit, it has to be practiced time and time again until it becomes like second nature to you. It is rather easy to learn but it is the consistency that pays off.

How To Practice Relaxing Breathing & How It Helps With Sleep

Practicing group relaxing breathing exercises

  • Lie flat on your back on a bed or solid floor.
  • Keep your knees slightly bent, use a pillow to prop them up if you like.
  • Place one hand on your chest and one at your waistline.
  • Breathe in slowly through your nose. The hand on your chest should move, while the one near your waistline should not.
  • Hold the air for a few seconds.
  • Next, exhale through your mouth. The hand at your waistline should move with your exhale while the hand on your chest should remain still.

You should practice this for several minutes 4 to 5 times a day. Eventually breathing through your abdomen will come naturally. You don’t need to feel unhinged, tired, or anxious before trying this breathing technique out. Practice makes perfect. So it is okay to practice even if you don’t have issues at the moment.

Regulating the rate of your breathing and wherein the body the breathing comes from forms a sense of relaxation in the body and is much like the autonomic breathing you have while you are sleeping. People also said it may work because it’s a lot like mindful breathing, where you are quieting your thoughts and listening to yourself. To just breathe, alone, brings you to a relaxing place and can induce a sense of sleepiness.

Insomnia or frequently waking up at night is a risk factor for so many things including weight gain and diabetes type 2. It also can increase hormone levels related to stress, raise blood pressure and even affect cognitive function and/or cause brain fog. This is why relaxing breathing can help de-stress you, clear your mind and help you get some good rest.

If you have any type of breathing problems, oxygen problems, or any other health concerns please consult your primary care physician before attempting any breathing relaxation techniques. Your health is very important and you should not try this without consulting a doctor if there is a more serious underlying problem at hand.

Also, if you suffer from Adrenal Fatigue: https://www.drlam.com/articles/adrenal_fatigue.asp Syndrome please read further to understand the pros and cons of relaxing breathing, effects they may have on your body. You can never be too careful these days. Knowing the facts can help you live a much healthier life.

Relaxing Breathing, Sleep & Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome (AFS)

Adrenal fatigue syndrome happens when your adrenal glands become tired. Adrenal fatigue syndrome is caused by stress or factors that take a toll on the adrenal glands and make it hard for them to put out adequate amounts of cortisol. There are many signs and symptoms of AFS including depression, trouble sleeping, lack of energy, need for caffeine or other stimulants in the morning, resisting going to bed, not wanting to get out of bed, cravings for salty foods and other similar ailments. The best way to remedy this condition is reducing stress. You can’t eliminate all stressors, but by eliminating the physical ones, causing the biggest issues, you will be on the right path to helping your adrenal glands useful content.

Relaxing breathing for insomniaSleep disorders and sleep breathing problems are relevant in those who suffer from adrenal fatigue. These are common because the hormone cortisol, and other stress-related hormones, keep harmony between the adrenals and sleep. If they are deregulated it will keep the body alert. It often leads to waking up in the middle of the night or poor sleep quality. Lack of sleep has a negative impact on the body increasing irritability. It disturbs mental function and can trigger things like hypoglycemia and metabolic imbalances.

Often people turn to sleep aids to help. These are not always effective and often times can cause problems in people with certain conventional medical conditions. Using sleep aids with conditions like adrenal fatigue can have adverse effects on your overall health. A better concept is breathing for relaxation. Just like autonomous breathing can help during sleep, relaxing breathing can help you sleep. If you use sleep aids it can overload your body and cause other problems such as liver congestion, leading to concerns about anxiety, fatigue, heart palpitations and even brain fog. Some cases may even bring on adrenal exhaustion or adrenal crashes. Always be sure to talk to your specialist about your sleep problems before trying a self-remedy.